Turkish hammam owes its appearance to earlier Roman salt thermae. The first known bath-house belonged to the rulers of the Arab Caliphate in the 660-750s. Such hammams were built in a wild desert only later becoming an inalienable attribute of urban life. They were constructed in a such way to make the heat generated by a boiler with boiling water penetrate inside the room through holes in the walls.
Hammams were built on a large scale as visiting them was considered a mandatory ritual. You could see bath-houses in almost every village.
On the territory of Europe the hammam appeared in the 19th century. Germany, England and America were the first that discovered the benefits of Turkish bath. In those days visits to the hammam were prescribed for the treatment of the fever, colds, cholera, bronchitis and asthma.
Specificity of the Turkish bath
To understand the specifics how the hammam works it is necessary to determine how it differs from other types of steam rooms. It is believed that the eastern bath-houses are the most soft and delicate ones. The temperature in hammam varies within 30-60 degrees with humidity up to 100%.
Such temperature mode allows you to stay in this Turkish bath for hours. Lack of sharp contrasts involves gradual warming up and later a gradual decrease of body temperature. The room temperature usually changes from wall to centre. This makes each guest free to choose the ideal conditions for him / her.
Traditional Turkish hammam is decorated with marble to provide even heating. Everything from floor to beds and walls is made of marble. The classic interior features rich decorations and oriental ornaments. A dome-shaped ceiling provides a smooth drain of condensation along the walls. Pools and waterfalls are rather used for raising moisture.
Turkish hammam – benefits and contraindications
Among the useful properties of the Turkish hammam are the following:
- Soft, gradual and deep warming of the body, relaxation and toning, improvement of regeneration;
- Restoring of the body after injuries, increased overburdening;
- Eliminating of muscle tension;
- Withdrawal of lactic acid;
- Improvement of blood supply and microcirculation;
- Elimination of congestive processes in organs of the small pelvis and abdominal cavity;
- Splitting of fat cells;
- Opening of pores and skin cleansing;
- Separation of keratinous cells;
- Stabilization of exchange processes;
- Strengthening of cardiovascular system;
- Improvement of respiratory system;
- Relief of stress, fatigue, and psychological stress.
Like other baths, hammam has a number of contraindications. First of all, it is the acute inflammatory processes of any group. Also, you should not be overheated in the case of pregnancy. One more reason to refuse even from a soft steam room is any disturbance of the cardiovascular system and severe diseases of the respiratory system such as asthma or tuberculosis. Hammam is contraindicated to people with dermatological diseases progressing in high humidity conditions.
Turkish hammam is a useful procedure for health improvement, general tone and mood if you take into account its features and contraindications in advance. We provide an opportunity to fully enjoy the benefits of Turkish bath while testing it on your own and have a good vacation in Ukraine.